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It is usually a highly- foaming mixture of surfactants with low skin irritation, and is primarily used for hand washing of glasses, plates , cutlery , and cooking utensils in a sink or bowl. In addition to its primary use, dishwashing liquid also has various informal applications, such as for creating bubbles, clothes washing and cleaning oil-affected birds.
Washing soda sodium carbonate is used for dishwashing,  and may be used in areas with hard water. Dishwashing detergent producers started production in the United States in the —s. Dishwashing detergents for dishwashers are manufactured and marketed variously as cartridges, gel, liquids, pacs, powder, and tablets.
Dishwashing detergents can be formulated to work under different circumstances. In some cases suitably formulated they can be used with cold water or sea water, although they will not generally work as well as those intended for, and used with, hot water.
The main ingredient is water; the main active ingredients are detergents. Detergents are used, rather than soaps, because they don't react with any hardness in the water to form soap scum. There are other thickening and stabilizing agents. Surfactants remove grease and stuck food particles. Some dishwashing products contain phosphates in detergent.
Phosphate makes dishes cleaner but can also cause harmful algal bloom as the wastewater goes back to the natural environment. In , the United States FDA raised health concerns over triclosan , an antibacterial substance used in some dish liquids. Many dishwashing liquids contain perfume which can cause irritant or allergic contact dermatitis. Euromonitor International research on dishwashing trends in eighty countries identified producers and brands with the largest retail value shares.
Procter and Gamble held the highest retail value share percentages in twenty countries: Unilever held highest retail value share percentages in thirteen countries: Henkel held highest retail value share percentages in nine countries: Reckitt Benckiser held highest retail value share percentages in nine countries: Colgate-Palmolive held highest retail value share percentages in nine countries: Research summaries for three countries listed combined retail value shares that included domestic and international producers: Summaries for two countries listed combined results for international companies and brands: In fifteen markets, domestic producers held the greatest retail value share with local brands: The summary of dishwashing in Kenya noted most consumers there use alternatives like laundry detergent powder or soap instead of dishwashing liquids, but listed Haco as the leading dishwashing liquid, from Haco Tiger Brands Ltd.
Dishwashing liquid is used primarily for removing food from used dishes and tableware. Hand dishwashing is generally performed in the absence of a dishwashing machine, when large "hard-to-clean" items are present, or through preference. Hand dishwashing detergents utilize surfactants to play the primary role in cleaning.
However, most people also rinse the dishes with pure water to make sure to get rid of any soap residue that could affect the taste of the food.
Dishwashing liquid can be a skin irritant and cause hand eczema. Those with "sensitive skin" are advised amongst other things to persuade someone else to do the washing up. Automatic dishwashing involves the use of a dishwashing machine or other apparatus. Reader's Digest notes its use as an ant killer, weed killer, to help spread water-borne fertilizer, and to wash human hair. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This section needs expansion.
You can help by adding to it. Chemistry portal Housing portal. Retrieved 10 January History 3 - Clean Living". Handbook of Detergents, Part E: Retrieved 12 December Retrieved 5 January Retrieved 12 January A Collection of Letters. Retrieved 6 April Retrieved 9 January Retrieved 7 January Law Enforcement Equipment Technology. Fruit Juice Apple, Grape, Orange ". University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Extension. Retrieved 11 January International Bird Rescue Research Center.
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