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United States virtual currency law is financial regulation as applied to transactions in virtual currency in the U. The Commodity Futures Trading Commission has regulated and may continue to regulate virtual currencies as commodities. The regulatory structure also includes tax regulations and FINCEN transparency regulations between financial exchanges and the individuals and corporations with whom they conduct business.
Electronic payment networks, such as the ACH, have decreased the costs and time required to transfer value and increased reliability and transparency. However, traditional electronic payment networks, even with transnational networks and satellite communications, differ from a virtual currency.
Faster transaction speed is also an advantage of using VC. Some experts predict various types of VCs will continue to increase, and the demand for the financial system to adopt methods of accepting these currencies will continue to grow. The Bitcoin exchange company Coinbase offers a payment service that allows merchants to receive Bitcoin and then automatically exchange the Bitcoin into fiat currency. In September , Ebay announced that its payment processor Braintree will be accepting Bitcoin.
World Internet use increased from This Internet growth is characterized by a consumer demand for a decentralized Internet experience that is not limited or dependent on traditional institutions and governments.
According to the Federal Reserve Bank of St. The IRS may be able to audit a VC exchange the merchant uses, but if the merchant is using a personal VC account or using multiple exchanges the IRS may not be able to track these transactions. In September , Robert M. The culture of laundering money in the Bitcoin network is so prevalent there is even a website called bitlaunder. Government Accountability Office reported that the pseudonymity in VCs makes it difficult for the government to detect money laundering and other financial crimes, and it may be necessary to rely on international cooperation to address these crimes.
Anonymity in Bitcoins and Altcoins forks from the Bitcoin protocol can be increased by adding software augmentations to the VC. Similar to Dark Wallet, Darkcoin combines transactions to increase the difficulty of analyzing where the currency was sent. Other forms of VC have also been used for making illegal transactions. These markets accepted payment in Bitcoins or similar crypto-currencies, and operated both domestically and internationally.
October , the court decided the fate of the defendant regarding his role in the first Silkroad, but the court refused to decide whether his Fourth Amendment rights were violated because he never pleaded that he had a right to privacy in the server that was searched.
Operating behind the anonymous Tor network might give a subjective expectation of privacy, but this may not be reasonable expectation of privacy that would survive the Katz test  because the Tor software explicitly states that it "can't solve all anonymity problems". The Securities and Exchange Commission SEC treats securities crimes committed with Bitcoin and VCs as money, and it is likely that anti-gambling regulations will be enforced with the same reasoning.
On July , Trendon T. Shavers attempted to argue the investments were not securities because Bitcoin is not money. However, in a precedent determining decision, the magistrate judge determined that Bitcoin is money, and thus the investments were securities. It can be used to purchase goods or services, and as Shavers stated, used to pay for individual living expenses. The only limitation of Bitcoin is that it is limited to those places that accept it as currency. However, it can also be exchanged for conventional currencies, such as the U.
Therefore, Bitcoin is a currency or form of money, and investors wishing to invest in BTCST provided an investment of money. The advisory warned consumers of hackers, scammers, loss of VCs by losing the private key, fewer regulations, and an inability to make chargebacks. The result of this weak regulatory environment makes VCs prone to volatility, market manipulation, money laundering, fraud, and illegal transactions. The federal legality of online gambling with Bitcoins in the United States has not yet been decided; however, the legality of online gambling with legal tender currency has been decided.
Similar to the indictment, the Justice Department may be collecting evidence and building a case against the Bitcoin gambling sites before they launch an indictment. The UIGEA does not expressly prohibit Internet gambling, but it does make it illegal for an online gambling business to knowingly accept fund transfers.
Some online wagers do not fit under the typical definition of gambling or a game of chance. A website, accepting Bitcoin and other VCs, called predictious. Virtual currencies lack many of the regulations and consumer protections that legal tender currencies have.
For example, the regulations require for a consumer to be allowed 30 minutes to cancel an electronic transfer. Additionally, a credit card that transacts in VC is not protected by the fifty-dollar maximum liability for the holder of the credit card. The decision may also encourage more people to attempt to hide their political donations behind the pseudonymity of Bitcoin. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Retrieved March 11, Securities and Exchange Commission. Census Bureau News Nov. Retrieved September 8, Louis March 31, Government Accountability Office May United States , U.
Overview, Tor" last retrieved Nov. Warshak , F. Ulbricht , S1 14 Cr. Securities and Exchange Commission July 23, Department of the Treasury Press Center March 18, North American Derivatives Exchange , order Retrieved from " https: Views Read Edit View history.